A deserted (since the 1770s) and ruined manor house some four miles (6.4 km) from the town of Alfreton in the English county of Derbyshire. There is a working farm that forms part of the old manor. Wingfield Manor was built around 1450 for Ralph de Cromwell, 3rd Baron Cromwell, then Chancellor of England, on the site of a 12th-century castle and was bought by the second Earl of Shrewsbury. The design was the inspiration for Hampton Court Palace in London.
It is now in the care of English Heritage, though only viewable through pre-booked guided tours one Saturday a month during the summer.
The vast and immensely impressive ruins of a palatial medieval manor house arranged round a pair of courtyards, with a huge undercroft Great Hall and a defensible High Tower 22 metres (72 feet) tall. This monument to late medieval ‘conspicuous consumption’ was built in the 1440s for the wealthy Ralph, Lord Cromwell, Treasurer of England. Later the home of Bess of Hardwick’s husband, the Earl of Shrewsbury, who imprisoned Mary Queen of Scots here in 1569, 1584 and 1585.